Readings are in English and Italian. The language of instruction is mainly English, discussions and contributions can be made in English or Italian. The course starts with the basic distinction between ‘morals’ and ‘ethics’, often used synonymously in everyday language. Where ‘morals’ refers to the values, customs, habits or traditions of individuals or groups, ‘ethics’ instead it the reason-based philosophical reflection upon ‘morals’. Five major approaches taken from the philosophical literature are discussed and presented: Aristotelian virtue ethics, Bentham and Mill’s ulilitarianism, Kant’s deontology, Habermas’ discourse ethics and the most recent approach: J. Greene’s moral tribes. In the course we analyze different moral dilemmas from different theoretical stances. The major approaches are subsequently transfered to different contexts of applied ethics (see below).
Therefore the major objectives are:
The course is organized in four steps.
Individual written exam (100%)
Aristotele: Nicomachian Ethics; Politics
Blackburn, S. (2001). Being good: A short introduction to ethics. Oxford: Oxford University Press
Connolly, P. et al (2009): Ethics in Action: A case-based approach. Wiley-Blackwell
Dalai Lama (2016): An Appeal by the Dalai Lama to the World: Ethics Are More Important Than Religion. Benevento Publisher
Greene, J. (2014): Moral Tribes. Emotion, Reason and the Gap between Us and Them. Penguin Books.
Keller, F. (2009): Basic Ethical Theory. In: Peggy Connolly et al: Ethics in Action. 11-51
Seele, Peter (2018): What makes a Business Ethicist? A Reflection on the transition from applied philosophy to critical thinking. Journal of Business Ethics. 150,3. 647-565. DOI 10.1007/s10551-016-3177-8
Silwa, P. (2017): Moral Understanding as Knowing Right from Wrong. Ethics 127: 521–552
Singer, P. (2009): Salvare una vita si può. ilSaggiatore.