The course is aimed at providing skills and knowledge about the development of fashion and custom from the Antiquity to the Twentieth Century in the Mediterranean World. In order to give a wider perspective of fashion and custom history, the first part of the course will be devoted to the study of fashion and custom throughout the Antiquity and the Early Middle Ages. This History of Fashion and Custom in the Ancient World will be based on a comparison between primary historical and archaeological sources. The second part of the course will investigate the relationship of these phenomena with the main social, economic, political and cultural conditions and transformations occurred in the western society during the 19th and 20th centuries or contemporary age with a specific node to France and Italy. The support of historiographical concepts and adequate methodologies of research will be provided. At the end of the course students will acquire the ability to understand the relevance and meaning of changes happened over the centuries and will also be able to critically interpret the socio-historical development of fashion and custom.