A Map of Polish Philosophy
There has been philosophy in Poland since about 1200, but nothing that could be called Polish philosophy until 1895, when the 29-year-old Kazimierz Twardowski moved from Vienna to Lwów, then in the Austrian-administered Kingdom of Galicia. Twardowski brought a messianic vision of how philosophy should be, inspired by his teacher Brentano, but adapted to the circumstances of the new location. From modest beginnings, his mission grew to be the seminal influence on Polish philosophy from the 20th century onwards. His numerous illustrious students went on to fill chairs of philosophy, psychology and logic across the second Polish Republic of 1919–1939 and after, and included such eminent thinkers as Jan Łukasiewicz, Stanisław Leśniewski, Kazimierz Ajdukiewicz, Tadeusz Kotarbiński, Tadeusz Czeżowski, Władysław Tatarkiewicz and Roman Ingarden. They and their pupils, including Alfred Tarski, Andrzej Mostowski, Jan Słupecki, Roman Suszko and many others, developed a range of brilliant expertise that had no rival in the world, and forged a scientific approach to philosophy and its neighbouring disciplines that lives on to this day. This course will trace the doctrines and influences of this amazing intellectual flowering, and will show that their achievements match those of any golden age of this world’s history.
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