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Large-scale kernel methods in financial economics

People

 

Schneider P.

(Responsible)

Multerer M.

(Co-responsible)

Abstract

This project aims at significantly expanding the boundary of feasibility of

modeling social phenomena using large data sets. We address this objective

with a bottom-up approach integrating simultaneously formulation, mathematical

foundation, and computational implementation in an unprecedented way.

The overarching theme is the sparse representation of high-dimensional and

complex data, while preserving desired structure that could arise, for instance,

from theories to be tested. This project requires the

development of novel methodologies and can therefore only be accomplished in an

interdisciplinary manner by combining expertise in both Social Sciences and Mathematics.

Our research questions are easily illustrated, as many

problems in financial economics have a representation in terms of expectations of

functions of random variables, predicting outcomes conditional on observed

variables. While such settings can oftentimes be concisely stated, in most cases the

problem ingredients can be assessed through, at best, estimates from sample

averages. Moreover, each of the before mentioned objects may carry structure

from separate research fields, and from separate theories. For instance, the conditional

distribution of asset returns is an important topic in econometrics, and

decision theorists investigate what the properties of economic preferences ought

to be that generate these expectations, with little overlap between the two.

Our efforts concentrate on learning about these objects jointly, using

high-dimensional and large data sets in suitable reproducing kernel Hilbert spaces

(RKHS). This setup allows us to identify all the components that make up a model

formulation at the same time, with, or without connections between them. RKHS models

are very versatile, and can be used between different applications with minor,

or no modifications. Furthermore, operations within RKHS modeling are very

explicit and transparent, and come with rigorous error control.

This is a big advantage compared to neural nets when it comes to interpreting results.

Used with data, objects in RKHS can be facilitated through so-called

representer theorems, that yield solutions to potentially

infinite-dimensional optimization problems through simple numerical operations.

A sizable part of our contribution will be the particular choice and development

of these RKHS for their use within modeling, RKHS modeling with constraints

imposed by theory, methods for their numerical implementation, and a great

number of empirical applications exploiting the richness of new possibilities

made possible by our methodological achievements.

Additional information

Start date
01.03.2024
End date
29.02.2028
Duration
48 Months
Funding sources
SNSF
Status
Approved
Category
Swiss National Science Foundation / Project Funding / Humanities and social sciences (Division I)