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Optimization Methods


Krause R.

Docente titolare del corso

Nestola M. G. C.

Docente titolare del corso

Karagyaur L.



Obtain knowledge on: central concepts and ideas of optimization; fundamental optimization techniques, gradient based and gradient free; convex and non-convex optimization; constrained and unconstrained optimization; optimality conditions;  introduction to optimization in machine learning.


Optimization is of fundamental importance in virtually all branches of science and technology. Optimization methods find their applications in numerous fields, starting from, e.g., machine network flow and ranging over shape optimization in engineering to optimal control problems and machine learning. This course provides an introduction into the most important methods and techniques in discrete and continuous optimization. We will present, analyze, implement, and test -using illustrative examples- methods for discrete and continuous optimization. Particular emphasis will be put on the methodology and the underlying mathematical as well as algorithmic structure. Starting from basic methods as the Simplex method, we will consider various methods in convex as well as non-convex optimization. This will include optimality conditions, the handling of linear and non-linear constraints, and methods such as interior point methods for convex optimization, Newton's method, Trust-Region methods, and optimal control methods.


Lecture, reading, self study, hands-on implementation, discussion, tutorial, written weekly  assignments.


There will be a midterm, either as larger project-like assignment or as an written exam. The final exam will be written. The written weekly assignments will also count for the final grade.



  • Calculus
  • Linear Algebra
  • Introduction to Computational Science



  • Deep Learning, Ian Goodfellow and Yoshua Bengio and Aaron Courville, MIT Press, http://www.deeplearningbook.org, 2016
  • Nocedal Wright, Numerical Optimisation;
  • Trust-Region Methods; Conn Gould Toint.
  • Practical Methods of Optimisation; R. Fletcher.
  • Numerical Optimisation, Series: Springer Series in Operations Research and Financial Engineering, Nocedal, Jorge, Wright, Stephen 2nd ed., 2006, XXII, 664 p. 85 illus., www.springer.com/mathematics/book/978-0-387-30303-1



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