Argumentation in Public Communication
Docente titolare del corso
Recent research in public communication reveals the importance of an argumentative turn in policy analysis. This turn is justified because, in public communication, most activities and interactions (oral and written) are characterized by argumentation, as actors are committed to be accountable for their decisions and give reasons for their claims. Argumentation in Public Communication focuses on oral and written argumentative discourse in public policy and public communication, assuming that a well-conducted argumentative dialogue increases the quality of public communication. Examples of argumentation will be taken from different contexts of public communication, ranging from public press releases, to policy documents, to the debate around popular initiatives, to NGO campaigns and political debates and their echoes on the media and social media. Throughout the course, we will adopt a critical perspective: the analytical reconstruction of argumentation will be associated to the critical evaluation of its logical and communicative validity, including the discovery of manipulative processes, for example misleading premises hidden in online hate speech.
The 2023 edition will also include an short monographic course on argument annotation and visualization, which uses online tools such as OVA+ for argument annotation (http://ova.arg-tech.org/), online corpora and analytics of arguments in the discourse. These innovative tools strengthen analytical skills of argumentation and can be of use in different professional contexts.
The main aim of this course is providing students with a method to analyze and design arguments, based on a discussion of a series of case studies within different contexts of public communication, ranging from public press releases, to policy documents, to the debate around popular initiatives, to NGO campaigns and political debates and their echoes on the media. Students will be able to reconstruct which argument schemes are used in in different contexts and documents of public communication (distinguishing, for example, argument schemes such as means-end argumentation, analogy and appeals to authority), analyze their implicit premises and evaluate their validity. The goal is to improve the quality of argumentation and decision-making in public discourse and policy-making and to be able to detect manipulative processes.
Obiettivi di sviluppo sostenibile
- Ridurre le disuguaglianze
- Città e comunità sostenibili
- Pace, giustizia e istituzioni forti
Modalità di insegnamento
The course adopts a bottom-up approach, based on the analysis of empirical data (documents, spoken discourse, social media) in the field of public communication and administrative rhetoric. Classroom interaction will allow significant space for students’ discussion, group-work, and guided controversy in order to see how argumentation works in practice. A complete syllabus will be made available at the beginning of the course.
The evaluation is based on an exercise of production of argumentative speech assigned in the first weeks of the course (15% of the final evaluation) and on an oral exam during the regular sessions. The oral exam (85% of the final evaluation) consists of four questions: (1) self-chosen and self-prepared question (analysis of a case of argumentation); (2) theory question, related to the concept introduced in the course; (3) exercise question (brief exercise of analysis or production, to be done during the exam); (4) question on the assigned readings. The exam evaluates knowledge of the course contents (including lessons and assigned readings), critical thinking skills and skills to analyze and produce argumentation following the methods learnt in the course. More information on the evaluation will be given during the course and in the syllabus.
It is necessary to get at least 47/85 points in the oral exam to sum the evaluation of the exercise to the final grade.
- Designing dialogue: argumentation as conflict management in social interaction - RERO DOC (Available on iCorsi.)
- Murphy, James Jerome., Hoppmann, Michael J., Katula, Richard A.. A synoptic history of classical rhetoric. 4th ed.. New York :: Routledge, 2014. (Only pp. 134-136. Available on iCorsi.)
- Rigotti, Eddo., Greco, Sara.. Inference in Argumentation: A Topics-Based Approach to Argument Schemes. 1st ed. 2019.. Cham :: Springer International Publishing, 2019. (Selected pages only. The selection will be made available on iCorsi.)
Zarefsky, David. "Making the case for war: Colin Powell at the United Nations" Political Argumentation in the United States: 255-280.
https://doi.org/10.1075/aic.7.13ch13 (Available on iCorsi.)
- van Eemeren, Frans H., Snoeck Henkemans, Arnolda Francisca. Argumentation: analysis and evaluation. Second edition. New York: Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group, 2017. (Selected pages only. The selection will be made available on iCorsi.)
- Fairclough, Isabela, Fairclough, Norman. Political discourse analysis: a method for advanced students. London: Routledge, 2012.
Fairclough, Isabela. "Deontic power and institutional contexts" Journal of Argumentation in Context, 8, 1 (2019): 136-171.
Greco, Sara, De Cock, Barbara. "Argumentative misalignments in the controversy surrounding fashion sustainability" Journal of Pragmatics, 174 (2021): 55-67.
10.1016/j.pragma.2020.12.019 (Open access available: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378216620303210)
- Hansson, Sven Ove. The argumentative turn in policy analysis: reasoning about uncertainty. Cham]: Springer, 2016.
Kacprzak, Magdalena, Yaskorska, Olena. "Dialogue Protocols for Formal Fallacies" Argumentation, 28, 3 (2014): 349-369.
- Millar, Sharon, Baider, Fabienne, Assimakopoulos, Stavros. Online Hate Speech in The European Union: a Discourse-Analytic Perspective. Springer Open, 2017. (Open access book available: https://link.springer.com/book/10.1007/978-3-319-72604-5)
- Mohammed, Dima. Argumentation in prime minister's question time: accusation of inconsistency in response to criticism. Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company, 2018.
- Oswald, Steve, Lewiński, Marcin, Greco, Sara, Villata, Serena. The Pandemic of Argumentation. Springer International Publishing AG, 2022. (Open access book available: https://link.springer.com/book/10.1007/978-3-030-91017-4)
- Ziegelmueller, George W., Kay, Jack. Argumentation: inquiry and advocacy. 3rd ed. Boston etc.]: Allyn and Bacon, 1997.
- Master of Arts in Economics and Communication in Public Management and Policy, Lezione, Scienze politiche, 1° anno