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Spatial Planning and Policy Evaluation in an Urban Conurbation: a Regional Agent-Based Economic Model

Informazioni aggiuntive

Tipo
Articolo pubblicato in rivista scientifica
Anno
2017
Lingua
Inglese
Abstract
This paper studies different functions and relations between 45 agglomerated municipalities in southern Switzerland (Ticino), using a territorial agent-based model. Our research adopts a bottom-up approach to urban systems, considering the agglomeration mechanism and effects of different regional and urban policies, and simulates the individual actions of diverse agents on a real city using an Agent-based model (ABM). Simulating the individual actions of diverse agents on a real city and measuring the resulting system behaviour and outcomes over time, they effectively provide a good test bed for evaluating the impact of different policies. The database is created merging the Swiss official secondary data for one reference year (2011) with Eurostat and OECD-Regpat. The results highlight that the understanding of municipalities’ functions on the territory appears to be essential for designing a solid institutional agglomeration (or city). From a methodological point of view, we contribute to improve the application of territorial ABM. Finally, our results provide a robust base to evaluate in a dynamic way various political interventions, in order to ensure a sustainable development of the agglomeration and the surrounding territories. Applying the analyses and the model on a larger scale, including further regions and conurbations, and including more indicators and variables, to obtain a more detailed and characteristic model, will constitute a further step of the research.
Rivista
Economy of Region
Volume
13
Numero
1
Pagina inizio
261
Pagina fine
275
ISSN
2072-6414
Parole chiave
Spatial Planning; Policy Evaluation; Urban Conurbation; Agent-Based Model; Regional Economics