Scalable matrix-free solver for 3D transfer of polarized radiation in stellar atmospheres
Articolo pubblicato in rivista scientifica
We present an efficient and massively parallel solution strategy for the transfer problem of polarized radiation, for a 3D stationary medium out of local thermodynamic equilibrium. Scattering processes are included accounting for partial frequency redistribution effects. Such a setting is one of the most challenging ones in radiative transfer modeling. The problem is formulated for a two-level atomic model, which allows linearization. The discrete ordinate method alongside an exponential integrator are used for discretization. Efficient solution is obtained with a Krylov method equipped with a tailored physics-based preconditioner. A matrix-free approach results in a lightweight implementation, suited for tackling large problems. Near-optimal strong and weak scalability are obtained with two complementary decompositions of the computational domain. The presented approach made it possible to perform simulations for the Ca i line at 4227Å with more than 109 degrees of freedom in less than half an hour on massively parallel machines, always converging in a few iterations for the proposed tests.
Journal of Computational Physics